The Absence ostrakon
EA 5634
Inscription position: recto

Translation:

Year 40

Penduauu
: month 1 of spring, day 14 drinking with Khonsu

Hornefer: month 2 of winter, day 13 with his boss, day 14 with his boss, day 15 with his boss, month 2
of winter with his boss, day 16 with his boss, day 17 with his boss, day 23 with his boss…. his boss….
month … of summer, …. (…)

Hornefer: month 2 of summer, day 10 ill

Sawadjyt: month 3 of spring, day 23 with his boss, day 24 with his boss, month 4 of spring, day 16 his
daughter was bleeding, month 1 of winter, day 14 offering to the god, month 1 of winter, day 15 ditto,
month 1 of winter, day 24 libating for his Father, day 25 ditto, day 26(?) ditto, day 28(?) with his boss

Sawadjyt: month 2 of summer, day 14 with his boss

Horemwia: month 3 of spring, day 21 with his boss, day 22 with his boss, month 2 of winter, day 8
brewing beer, month 3 of summer, day 17 ill, day 18 ill, day 21 ill, day 22, month 2 of summer, day 4
with his boss, month 2 of summer, day … with his boss

Horemwia: month 4 of summer, day 4 ill, day 5 ill, day 6 ill, day 7 ill

Amennakht: month 4 of spring, day 15 with his boss, day 16 ditto, day 17 ditto, month 3 of winter, day
18 brewing beer, month 2 of summer, day 4 with his boss, month 3 of summer, day 7, day 8 with his boss,
month 3 of summer, day 24, day 25, day 26 with his boss

Wadjmose: month 4 of winter, day 23 his daughter was bleeding, month 4 of summer, day 6 building his
house

Nebamentet:

Hehnekhu: month 1 of summer, day 16 with his boss, day 17 with his boss, month 2 of summer, day 7
wrapping (the corpse of) his mother, day 8 ditto

Nakhy: month 1 of spring, day 14 with his boss, day 15 ditto

Nakhtmin: month 1 of winter, day 25 libating, month 2 of winter, day 7 fetching stone for the scribe,
month 3 of winter, day 27 his wife was bleeding

Pennub: month 3 of spring, day 21 with Aapehti, day 22 ditto, day 23 ditto, day 24 ditto, month 2 of
winter, day 7 fetching stone for the scribe, month 2 of winter, day 8 fetching stone for the scribe, day
23 with the scribe, day 24 with the scribe, month 3 of winter, day 28 brewing beer, month 4 of winter,
day 24 his mother was ill, day 25 ditto

Aapehti: month 3 of spring, day 21 ill, day 22 ill, day 23 ill, day 24 ill, month 4 of spring, day 7 ill, day
8 ill, day 15 ill, day 16 ill, month 1 of winter, day 14 offering to the god, month 1 of winter, day 17 ill,
month 1 of winter, day 18 ill, month 1 of summer, day 27 ill

Khaemtir: month 3 of spring, day 21 with his boss, day 22 ditto, day 23 ditto, day 24 ditto, month 4 of
spring, day 17 burying the god, month 1 of winter, day 18 brewing beer, month 3 of summer, day 8 ill

Amenmose: month 2 of winter, day 8 brewing beer

Anuy: month 1 of winter, day 24 fetching stone for the scribe, month 3 of winter, day 28 brewing beer

Wennefer: month 1 of winter, day 14 offering to the god, month 4 of summer, day 4 offering to his god

Buqentuf: month 1 of winter, day 17 with his boss, month 1 of winter, day 18 brewing beer, month 2 of
summer, day 6 wrapping (the corpse of) his mother, day 8 ditto

Manninakhtef

Huy
: month 1 of winter, day 17 brewing beer, day 18 brewing beer, month 2 of winter, day 17 brewing
beer, month 3 of winter, day 27 with his boss, day 28 ditto, month 4 of winter, day 3 with his boss,
month 4 of winter, day 7 with his boss, day 8 ditto

Huy: month 4 of winter, day 24 with his boss, month 4 of summer, day 25 ditto, day 26 ditto

….: month 3 of spring, day 21 ill, day 22 ill, day 23 ill, day 24 ill, month 4 of spring, day 7 ill, day 8 ill,
month 1 of winter, day 24 ill, month 2 of winter day 8 brewing beer, month 2 of summer, day 8 brewing
beer

Paherypedjet: month 3 of inundation, day 21 with Aapehti, day 22 also, day 23 also, day 24 also, month
4 of inundation, day 7 also, day 8 also, day 15 also, day 16 also, day 17 ditto, month 1 of Winter, day 14
offering to the god [...] month 2(?) of Winter, day 13 (…), month 3 of Winter, day 25 with Khonsu
preparing medicine, 26 also. Month 3 of Winter, day 27 ditto. Month 1 of Summer, day 25 making medicine
for the wife of the scribe, day 26 also, day 27 (ditto). Month 2 of Summer, day 2 ditto, day 3 ditto, day
4 ditto, day 5 ditto, day 6 ditto, day 7 ditto, day 8 ditto. Month 3 of summer, day 3 preparing medicine,
day 17 with Horemwia, day 18 with Horemwia, day 21 ditto, day 22 [...] Month 4 of summer. [...] 4th
month of summer, day 5, day 6, day 7, day 8, day 24 ill, [day] 25, day 26 ill. Month 1 of inundation, day
1[5] ill [...].



















Inscription position: verso

Huynefer
: month 2 of winter, day 7 ill, month 2 of winter, day 8 ill, month 3 of summer, day 3 suffering
with his eye, month 3 of summer, day 5 suffering with his eye, day 7 ill, day 8 ill

Amenemwia: month 1 of winter, day 15 embalming Hormose, month 2 of winter, day 7 off absent, month
2 of winter, day 8 brewing beer, month 2 of winter, day 16 strengthening the door, day 23 ill, day 24 ill,
month 3 of winter, day 6 wrapping (the corpse of) his mother

Inhurkhawy: month 4 of spring, day 17 his wife was bleeding

Neferabu: month 4 of spring, day 15 his daughter was bleeding, day 17 burying the god, month 2 of
summer, day 7 embalming his brother, day 8 libating for him, month 4 of summer, day 26 his wife was
bleeding.

Paser: month 1 of winter, day 25 libating for his son, month 1 of summer, day 27 brewing beer, month 2
of summer, day 14 ill, day 15 ill

Pakhuru: month 4 of summer, day 4, day 5, day 6, day 7 ill, day 8

Seba: month 4 of spring, day 17 the scorpion bit him, month 1 of winter, day 25 ill, month 4 of winter,
day 8 his wife was bleeding, month 1 of summer, day 25, 26, 27 ill, month 2 of summer, day 2, day 3 ill,
month 2 of summer, day 4, day 5, day 6, day 7 ill: erased

Neferemsenut: month 2 of winter, day 7 ill

Simut: month 1 of winter, day 18 off absent, month 1 of winter, day 25 his wife was... and bleeding,
month 4 of winter, day 23 his wife was bleeding

Khons: month 4 of spring, day 7 ill, month 3 of winter, day 25 ill, month 3 of winter, day 26 ill, day 27,
day 28 ill, month 4 of winter, day 8 with is god, month 4 of summer, day 26 ill, month 1 of spring, day 14
his feast, day 15 his feast

Inuy: month 1 of winter, day 24 fetching stone for Qenherkhepshef, month 2 of winter day 8 ditto, month
2 of winter, day 17 off absent with the scribe, month 2 of winter, day 24

Sunero: month 2 of winter, day 8 brewing beer, month 2 of summer, day 2 ill, day 3, day 4, day 5, day
6, day 7, day 8 ill

Nebenmaat: month 3 of summer, day 21 ill, day 22 ditto, month 4 of summer, day 4 ditto, day 5, day 6
ditto, day 7, day 8 ditto, month 4 of summer, day 24 ill, day 25 ill, day 26 ill

Merywaset: month 2 of winter, day 17 brewing beer, month 3 of summer, day 5 ill, day 7, day 8 ill,
month 3 of summer, day 17 ill, day 18 with his boss

Ramose: month 2 of winter, day 14 ill, day 15 ill, month 2 of summer, day 2 mourning his son, day 3 ill

Bakenmut: month 2 of winter, day 7 fetching the stone for the scribe

Rahotep: month 1 of winter, day 14 offering to the god, month 4 of winter, day 25 his daughter was
bleeding, month 2 of summer, day 5 wrapping (the corpse of) his son, day 6, day 7, day 8 ditto, month 4 of
summer, day 7 with the scribe, day 8 with the scribe

Iierniutef: month 2 of winter, day 8 off absent, month 2 of winter, day 17 with the scribe, month 2 of
winter, day 23 ill, month 3 of winter, day 27 with his scribe, day 28 off absent, month 4 of winter, day 8
with his scribe, month 1 of spring, day 14

Nakhtamun: month 1 of winter, day 18 brewing beer, month 1 of winter, day 25 with his boss, month 2
of winter, day 13 with his boss, month 2 of winter, day 14 with his boss, month 2 of winter, day 15 with
his boss, month 2 of winter, day 16 with his boss, day 17, day 18 with his boss, month 2 of winter, day
24 with his boss, month 3 of winter, day 25 with his boss, month 3 of winter, day 26 with his boss, month
3 of winter, day 27 with his boss, day 2, day 28 with his boss, day … with his boss, month 4 of winter,
day 8 with the scribe, month 1 of summer, day 16 suffering with his eye, day 17 suffering with his eye,
month 1 of summer, day 25 ill, day 26, day 27 ill

month 3 of summer, day 21
Nakhtamun with his boss

(Translation from www.britishmuseum.org)
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Ostrakon bearing an attendance record of workmen
British Museum EA 5634
From Deir el-Medina
19th Dynasty, year 40 of Ramesses II, about 1239 BC
Limestone
Height: 38.5 centimetres
Width: 33 centimetres
Hieratic inscription
Black and red ink
TRANSLATION of the inscription
Sources:
1. Kitchen, K. A.: Ramesside inscriptions : translated and annotated notes and comments III.
Oxford : Blackwell, 1993.
2. McDowell, A.G.: Village life in ancient Egypt : laundry lists and love songs
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1999. P. 54, text 25
3.
http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/search_object_details.aspx?objectid=176702&partid=1&searchText=neferabu&numpages=10&orig=%2fresearch%2fsearch_the_collection_database.aspx&currentPage
=1
4. Austin, Anne: Accounting for sick days: a scalar approach to health and disease at Deir el-Medina IN: Journal of
Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 74, No. 1 (April 2015), pp. 75-85.
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The page was last modified on April 29th 2017
Photographs by Lenka Peacock
Photography © The Trustees of the British Museum.
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