The chapels and shrines
of Deir el-Medina
Chapels north of the temple
enclosure wall
The page was last modified on January 1st 2009
Sources:
1. Bomann, Ann H.: The private chapel in ancient Egypt : a study of the chapels in the workmen's
village at el Amarna with special reference to Deir el-Medina and other sites.
London : Kegan Paul International, 1991.
2. Wilkinson, R. H. : The complete temples of Ancient Egypt.London : Thames & Hudson, 2000.
3. Clayton, Peter A.: Chronicles of the Pharaohs : the reighn-by-reign record of the rulers and
dynasties of ancient Egypt
London : Thames & Hudson, 1994.
The first group of the chapels at
Deir el-Medina lay to the north of
the enclosure wall of the main
Ptolemaic temple. The chapel area
covers the slope gently rising
towards the western steep cliffs.
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Temples
Settlement
Rock shrine
Tombs
Huts
Collections
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Chapels within the
temple enclosure wall
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Chapels east of the temple
enclosure wall
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Another group of cult structures is
located to the east of the
enclosure wall of the main Ptolemaic
temple. Remains of a Ramesside
chapel are to be found here.  
The chapel of Seti, situated north of the enclosure wall to the main Temple of Hathor, was first
excavated by Schiaparelli in 1906. Baraize excavated a small chapel on the interior of the northwest
angle of the enclosure wall in 1912. The major work was undertaken by Bruyère between 1922-1951.
Bruyère managed to identify 32 cult buildings, apart from the Temple of Hathor.

The cult buildings Bruyère excavated varied in plan from a small court before a shrine, in several
instances cut into the cliff, to the usual tripartite plan, with or without benches, and finally to what
he classified as a miniature temple. The terminology applied to these varied from
Temple, Chapelle,
Chapelle Votive, Chapelles des Confrèries, Chapelle Religieuse
. The plan of individual structures was
dictated by the nature of the cult worshipped within the building.

Ann Bomann was able to re-examine 27 of the cult buildings at Deir el-Medina in the last quarter of
the 20th century. Her findings were published in 1991. Bomann noted that Bruyère reconstructed
most of the structures while excavating them. According to her finds, although the intention of
preserving them was commendable, she found it difficult to assess certain parts of the buildings, since
the reconstruction was not properly distinguished from the original structure. She found many of the
walls and stairs totally renewed, in some cases with material from a different part of the chapel. For
example, bricks from vaulted ceilings were reused as fill for staircases. This was apparent in the
Temple of Hathor of Seti I. Bomann found at the time that much of Bruyère's reconstruction was
deteriorating, with wall and stair collapses occurring in many of the buildings. None of the original
floors were visible, they were covered over with gravel and sand. Features including column bases,
ovens, and basins sunk into the ground, which appear in older plans, either vanished or were located in
a different place. Very little of the original plaster and wall paintings mentioned in Bruyère's reports
survived.

I tried to compare Ann Bomann's plans and detailed descriptions using her text published in 1991
pp. 39-51 with the remains of the cult buildings at Deir el-Medina in February 2007. The results
together with the photographs can be found on the pages below.         
The fourth group of cult buildings
is located to the southwest of the
main temple. Most of these
structures were called
Chapelle
Votive
by Bruyère.
Chapels southwest of the
temple enclosure wall
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The second group of religious
structures is to be found within
the enclosure wall of the main
Ptolemaic temple at Deir el-Medina.