Museum collections of
objects from Deir el-Medina
The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK
The Ashmolean Museum opened its doors to the public in
May 1683. The collection was presented to the University
of Oxford by Elias Ashmole (1617-1692). The collection
was originally founded by John Tradescant (d. 1638), who
displayed it to the public for a fee in his house at
Lambeth. The collection ranged from natural specimens to
man-made artefacts from all corners of the known world.
The page was last modified on November 1st 2019
1. Museums' own websites
2. Strudwick, Nigel: The British Museum masterpieces of ancient Egypt.
London : The British Museum Press, 2006.
The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK
The Fitzwilliam Museum owes its foundation to Richard,
VII Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion who, in 1816,
bequeathed to the University of Cambridge his works of
art and library, together with funds to house them.
The  Museum's collection of Egyptian antiquities is widely
regarded as one of the finest in Britain. The collection
grew in importance towards the end of the 19th century
and in the early years of the 20th century, benefiting
from the work of Sir Flinders Petrie, the Egypt
Exploration Fund and the British School of Archaeology in
The British Museum, London, UK
The British Museum opened its doors to the public
in January 1759. The origins of the Museum lie in
the will of Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753), a
physician, naturalist and collector, who wished for
his collection of more than 71,000 objects,
library and herbarium to be preserved intact
after his death. An Act of Parliament establishing
the British Museum received the royal assent in
June 1753. The foundation collections mostly
consisted of books, manuscripts and natural
history with some antiquities and ethnography.
King George II donated the "Old Royal library" of
the sovereigns of England (nowadays housed in the
British Library in London) in 1757.
The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology,
University College London, UK
The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology is one of the
largest of its kind in the world, and a highlight of UCL Museum
& Collections. The Museum was created in 1892 through the
bequest of the writer Amelia Edwards (1831-1892), as a
teaching resource of the Department of Egyptian Archaeology
and Philology. The uniquely important collection grew
considerably thanks to the excavating career of Flinders Petrie
(1853-1942) and provides a valuable insight into lives of
ancient Egyptian people.
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Photograph © Hans Ollermann 2008
The Egyptian Museum, Turin,
Fondazione Museo delle Antichità Egizie di Torino
The museum, specialising in Egyptian archaeology
and anthropology, is dedicated solely to Egyptian
art and culture. The collection has evolved over
the last two centuries, first as part of a
University collection then in the Science
Academy where it is housed today.
Photograph © Warwick Barnard 2009
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Kunsthistorisches Museum,
Vienna, Austria
Construction of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, which
was built by Gottfried Semper and Carl von Hasenauer
at the bidding of the Emperor Franz Joseph 1, was
started in 1871 and completed in 1891. The museum
was to become one of Europe's most important
monumental museum buildings of the 19th century. It
was designed to bring together and house the art and
treasures collected by the Habsburg Family over
several centuries.
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Kingston Lacy, Dorset
The ancient Egyptian collection, assembled by John
William Bankes (1786-1855) during his travels to
Egypt in 1815 and 1818-1819, is the only surviving
intact 19th century collection of Egyptian
antiquities in an English country house. The house
became property of the National Trust, UK, in
1981 after the death of Ralph Bankes. Around 100
objects have been on display in the Billiards Room
since 1992. They include a collection of stelae,
fragments of Theban tomb paintings, amulets,
shabtis, relief sculpture, scarabs, bronzes,
fragments of furniture and small divine statuettes.
In the grounds of the house there is an obelisk
from Philae and also a granite sarcophagus. A
collection of papyri, mostly late copies of the Book
of the Dead and several letters, and a recently
discovered (in an unmarked crate in the cellar in
2007) collection of 212 Upper Egyptian ostraka,
represent the written sources of this collection.
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Hrdlička Museum of Anthropology,
Prague, Czech Republic
The idea to establish an anthropological museum
in Prague dates back to 1922, but it was not until 1929
that Dr. Aleš Hrdlička, a famous anthropologist of the
Czech origin, sent a letter to Czechoslovak president T.G.
Masaryk, asking for the museum to be established. He
offered financial support through the establishment of funds
and created the museum's conception that contained four
main departments that remain in its structure until today:
Phylogenetic development of man, Cycle of life,
Race variations and Race pathology and death. The Museum
of Man was officially opened in 1937 in which year it was
renamed to Hrdlička Museum of Man.
Bristol Museum & Art Gallery
The Ancient Egyptian gallery features over 600
objects. It covers "Belief", the religious beliefs of the
ancient Egyptians, including their views of creation,
their gods and their rituals.
"Life" - the social structure in ancient Egypt, childhood
and a variety of different jobs from Pharaoh to farm
labourer. "Death" - funerary belief, preparation of the
body for mummification, coffin symbolism and tombs.
And "Afterlife" - the ancient Egyptians' beliefs about
what happened after death, and the need for grave
goods, servants, food offerings, and possessions.
The collections search page:
The Nicholson Museum,
Sydney, Australia
The Egyptian collection spans all periods
of Egyptian history, from the prehistoric to
Roman times. Sir Charles Nicholson donated a large
part of the Egyptian collection to the University and
further objects were acquired from the Egypt
Exploration Fund (now Society) in London from
Abydos, Diospolis Parva, el-Mahasna, el-Amrah and
Qasr Ibrim during the late 19th and early 20th
Liverpool's World Museum
Liverpool's World Museum has one of the largest
collections of Ancient Egyptian and Nubian
antiquities in the UK, with more than 16,000
objects ranging from about 5,000 BC to 642 AD.
The original nucleus of the Egyptian collection was
donated by Joseph Mayer, an English goldsmith,
collector and antiquarian (1803-1886) in 1867 and
then further augmented by supporting fieldwork
projects of the Egypt Exploration Society, Flinders
Petrie’s British School of Archaeology in Egypt, and
particularly the University of Liverpool excavations
of John Garstang. During the Blitz in May 1941,
more than 3,000 Egyptian objects were destroyed
by the Luftwaffe, with an incendiary bomb causing
structural and fire damage to the building.
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