|Ramose's tomb 212
at Deir el-Medina
|Ramose is one of the best documented officials from Deir el-Medina. Although he was not born in the
village, he became one of the richest men who ever lived there. He was a son of lady Kakaia and a
retainer Amenemhab (someone who delived messages to officials in the Theban area). Ramose was born
around 1314 BC (Booth,2006,185). He must have attended scribal schools before he became a scribe
at the temple of Tuthmosis IV. He then moved to Deir el-Medina, where he married Mutemwia, the
"lady of the house, whom he loves". He was appointed by vizier Paser as "scribe of the tomb" in year 5
of Ramesses II (O.CGC 25671). He served in the rank at least until year 38 of Ramesses II (O.CGC
25809) (Davies, 1996, 98).
As Ramose and Mutemwia continuously failed to conceive a child they petitioned various deities
associated with childbirth and fertility. Stela 50066, now in Turin, is dedicated to Qudshu, the Asiatic
goddess of love. There are many stelae and statues recording their plea, but the couple remained
childless. In the end they adopted Kenherkhepshef, like Ramose, most probably a new arrival in the
village, to be an apprentice who would take the role of the eldest son, take over Ramose's profession
and perform burial rites for them.
Ramose's family occupied a house in the northern part of the village. He also owned some land outside
Deir el-Medina and there are 3 decorated tombs attributed to him - TT7, TT212 and TT250.
|The images below, captured by Andy during our visit to Deir el-Medina in 2005, show the surviving
niche that was cut into the bedrock of the slopes of the western cemetery. It used to be situated at
the back of the chapel of Ramose's tomb complex, that was later assigned number TT212. The chapel
and the courtyard did not survive, the niche is all that is left to see.
A detailed account of the surviving niche with photos and descriptions of the western and northern
walls and the vaulted ceiling, as well as the partially reconstructed agricultural scene, can be found at:
|The west wall of the niche
showing kneeling Ramose
worshipping the rising sun.
|Preserved scene from the
vaulted ceiling, showing
Ramose standing with his
arms raised in the gesture of
worship, in front of the
seated god Re-Harakhte.
|To view and browse the digitised version of The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian
Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, (also known as Porter & Moss or TopBib) for this
tomb, go to
Material for the Bibliography is gathered from an ever-expanding range of multi-lingual sources,
encompassing both specialist and semi-popular Egyptological and Near Eastern publications, periodicals,
museum guides, exhibition and auction catalogues, together with the growing wealth of web resources. The
Bibliography also analyses a range of unpublished manuscripts, including those housed in the Griffith
Institute Archive. Published in May 2014 by the Griffith Institute, University of Oxford, the volumes
are constantly revised and augmented.